Pores and hair follicles can get clogged for many different reasons including infection, scar tissue being present or the consistency of the ‘sebu ‘being too thick. Sebaceous cysts do not normally cause any problems but if they increase in size rapidly or seem to be irritating your dog, it would be wise to visit your
However, a lipoma should be monitored as they can grow very big, making surgical removal extremely difficult.
This is a very common tumour that is seen mostly in young dogs of any breed although Boxers and Bull Terriers seem to be more susceptible. The tumour involves the Langerhans cells which form part of the bodies immune system, identifying foreign materials that may cause a threat to the body such as pollens, viruses, bacteria etc. It is then dispatched to other immune system cells, which react to protect the body.
Although theses tumours can be fast growing they often disappear by themselves after a few months or can be successfully removed surgically.
What should you do if you find a lump on your dog?
If you find a lump on your dog you should get your Vet
to check it out. Your vet can perform a needle aspirate, which will allow him/her to look at the cells of the tumour under the microscope and determine what type of tumour it is. Your vet will then be able to advise what the best course of action should be. If your vet is concerned that the lump may be cancerous he/she may suggest that a biopsy be taken, this sample of the tumour can then be examined by an expert histopathologist.
Most of the tumours described above can be successfully removed surgically. But even if your vet decides no treatment is necessary it is advisable to keep a close eye on your pet’s lump, as things can change over time. Harmless lumps can become ulcerated or begin to cause discomfort.
Next month we are going to look at the baddies, the malignant tumours that can occur in your dog.